a fibroid is a benign tumor that mainlyconsists have muscular tissue and usually grows inside the uterus. fibroids are also called myomas. its size ranges widely, from a small tumor the size of a pea to a large tumor almost the size of theuterus.
menstruation medicines, myomas are classified into three types,depending on the location where they are found. the intramural myoma, a fibroid thatgrows in the muscular wall of the uterus.
this subserosal myoma, a fibroidlocated just beneath the outside mucosal covering of the uterus.here the fibroid projects to the outside and occasionally remainsconnected with the uterus only through a small stalk. the submucosal myoma, a tumor that grows beneath the surface ofthe uterus lining. therefore, this type of fibroids can growinto the uterine cavity. the actual causes have development ofa fibroid are still unclear. however, it has been documented thatfibroids are associated with high levels of
estrogen, the female sex hormone. fibroids can only developed duringreproductive years of women. following menopause, the production of estrogen decreases which will usually cause fibroids toshrink or disappear. myomas are more common in non-pregnant and infertile women. in general, fibroids are asymptomatic or associated with just a few complaintsif any complaints. if any complaints occur, then the location, size and type of thefibroid are the major factors. fibroids can affect nearby structures.they can cause compression of the
bladder, which may lead to urinary complaints, or may obstruct the intestine, which may result in constipation. othercomplaints can be: backaches, abdominal problems, menstrual flowdisturbances. fibroids can impede normal childbirth,which may require caesarean delivery. fibroids relatively more often lead tomiscarriages. whenever fibroids cause symptoms, theyneed to be removed or shrinked.
medications sometimes cause fibroid toshrink by blocking the production and secretion of estrogen. in other cases, surgery may be requiredto remove the fibroid. the type of surgery depends on thelocation of the fibroid. sometimes it's possible to remove thefibroid with the help of the tube entered through the vagina and theprocedure is called hysteroscopic myomectomy. in other cases, surgery through theabdominal wall may be necessary.
in the case of a large fibroid,hysterectomy may be the only solution. this option only applies when there isno desire to have more children. you generalpractitioner can give you more information about the disorder and it's possibletreatments.